Northern Ireland , part of the United Kingdom , lying in the northeastern quadrant of the island of Ireland , on the western continental periphery often characterized as Atlantic Europe. Northern Ireland is sometimes referred to as Ulster , although it includes only six of the nine counties which made up that historic Irish province. In proximity to Scotland and to sea channels leading to England and Wales , Northern Ireland has long witnessed generations of newcomers and emigrants, including Celts from continental Europe and Vikings , Normans , and Anglo-Saxons. In the 17th century, the period of the so-called Ulster plantation, thousands of Scottish Presbyterians were forcibly resettled and English military garrisons built, arrivals that would institutionalize the ethnic, religious, and political differences that eventually resulted in violent conflict.
IBM manufactures and markets computer hardwaremiddleware and softwareand provides hosting and consulting services in areas ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. IBM is also a major research organization, holding the record for most U.
IBM has continually shifted its business mix by commoditizing markets focusing on higher-value, more profitable markets. Also inIBM announced that it would go " fabless ", continuing to design semiconductorsbut offloading manufacturing to GlobalFoundries. Nicknamed Big BlueIBM is one of 30 companies included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average and one of the world's largest employers, with as of overemployees.
Pitrap patented the computing scale in ;  Alexander Dey invented the dial recorder ;  Herman Hollerith patented the Electric Tabulating Machine ;  and Willard Bundy invented a time clock to record a worker's arrival and departure time on a paper tape in They manufactured machinery for sale and lease, ranging from commercial scales and industrial time recorders, meat and cheese slicers, to tabulators and punched cards. InIBM's tabulating equipment enabled organizations to process unprecedented amounts of data, its clients including the U.
Governmentduring its first effort to maintain the employment records for 26 million people pursuant to the Social Security Act and the tracking of persecuted groups by Hitler's Third Reich  largely through the German subsidiary Dehomag. InThomas Watson, Sr. Inthe company demonstrated the first practical example of artificial intelligence when Arthur L.
The latter half of the s saw IBM continue its support of space exploration, participating in the Gemini flights, Saturn flights and lunar mission. It spanned the complete range of commercial and scientific applications from large to small, allowing companies for the first time to upgrade to models with greater computing capability without having to rewrite their applications.
Together the and made the IBM mainframe the dominant mainframe computer and the dominant computing platform in the industry throughout this period and into the early s. Laurer developed the Universal Product Code. InIBM sold printer manufacturer Lexmark. The result was three values: Inthe company sold its personal computer business to Chinese technology company Lenovo  and, init acquired software company SPSS Inc.
InIBM gained worldwide attention for its artificial intelligence program Watsonwhich was exhibited on Jeopardy! The company also celebrated its th anniversary on the same year on June InIBM announced two major acquisitions: InIBM acquired video conferencing service Ustream and formed a new cloud video unit. IBM operates in countries as of with mobility centers in smaller markets areas and major campuses in the larger ones.
IBM's real estate holdings are varied and globally diverse. The company's contributions to industrial architecture and design include works by Eero SaarinenLudwig Mies van der Rohe and I. IBM was recognized as one of the Top 20 Best Workplaces for Commuters by the United States Environmental Protection Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity EPA inwhich recognized Fortune companies that provided employees with excellent commuter benefits to help reduce traffic and air pollution.
IBM has a large and diverse portfolio of products and services. As ofthese offerings fall into the categories of cloud computingcognitive computingcommercedata and analyticsInternet of Things Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity IT infrastructuremobileand security.
IBM Cloud includes infrastructure as a service IaaSsoftware as a service SaaS and platform as a service PaaS offered through public, private and hybrid cloud delivery models. IBM SoftLayer is a dedicated servermanaged hosting and cloud computing provider, which in reported hosting more than 81, servers for more than 26, customers. IBM also hosts the industry-wide cloud computing and mobile technologies conference InterConnect each year.
IT outsourcing also represents a major service provided by IBM, with more than 40 data centers worldwide. IBM's Kenexa suite provides employment and retention solutions, and includes the BrassRingan applicant tracking system used by thousands of companies for recruiting. Smarter Planet is an initiative that seeks to achieve economic growthnear-term efficiency, sustainable developmentand societal progress,   targeting opportunities such as smart grids water management systems,  solutions to traffic congestion and greener buildings.
Services provisions include Redbookswhich are publicly available online books about best practices with IBM products, and developerWorksa website for software Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity and IT professionals with how-to articles and tutorials, as well as software downloads, code samples, discussion forums, podcasts, blogs, wikis, and other resources for developers and technical professionals.
IBM Watson is a technology platform that uses natural language processing and machine learning to reveal insights from large amounts of unstructured data. Watson has since been applied to business, healthcare, developers, and universities.
For example, IBM has partnered with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center to assist with considering treatment options for oncology patients and for doing melanoma screenings. Now, IBM Research constitutes the largest industrial research organization in the world, with 12 labs on 6 continents. Famous inventions and developments by IBM include: Additionally, in company scientists used a scanning tunneling microscope to arrange 35 individual xenon atoms to spell out the company acronym, marking the first structure assembled one atom at a time.
Since its first patent for a traffic signaling device, IBM has been one of the world's most prolific patent sources. Inthe company holds the record for most patents generated by a business, marking 25 consecutive years for the achievement.
Leo Esakiof the Thomas J. The company is also involved in research into advanced algorithms and machine learning and their decision-making processes. IBM is nicknamed Big Blue in part due to its blue logo and color scheme,   and also partially since IBM once had a de facto dress code of white shirts with blue suits. Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity has a valuable brand as a result of over years of operations and marketing campaigns.
SinceIBM has been the exclusive technology partner for the Masters Tournamentone of the four major championships in professional golfwith IBM creating the first Masters.
Newsweek the second-most respected company Barron's the fifth-most admired company Fortunethe 18th-most innovative company Fast Company studenten singlebörse heidelberg, and the number one in technology consulting and number two in outsourcing Vault.
The company was among the first corporations to provide group life insurancesurvivor benefitstraining for womenpaid vacationsand training for disabled people Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board of Education and 11 years before the Civil Rights Act of Additionally, inIBM became Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity first major company in the OTRC: Meg Ryan, John Mellencamp dating? to commit formally to not use genetic information in employment decisions; and in Best free dating site northern ireland The Business of Engineering How to Tackle Product Complexity, IBM was named to Working Mother ' s Best Companies List for the 32nd consecutive year.
IBM has several leadership development and recognition programs to recognize employee potential and achievements. For early-career high potential employees, IBM sponsors leadership development programs by discipline e. The company's most prestigious designation is that of IBM Fellow.
Sincethe company names a handful of Fellows each year based on technical achievement. Other programs recognize years of service such as the Quarter Century Club established inand sellers are eligible to join the Hundred Percent Club, composed of IBM salesmen who meet their quotas, convened in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Each year, the company also selects 1, IBMers annually to award the Best of IBM Award, which includes an all-expenses paid trip to the awards ceremony in an exotic location. IBM's culture has evolved significantly over its century of operations.
In its early days, a dark or gray suit, white shirt, and a "sincere" tie constituted the public uniform for IBM employees. Skinner served as U. Alumni also include U. Watson Franceand Thomas Watson Jr. Soviet Union ; and former U. MantonDonald W. Over the years he increased his IBM holdings however he reduced it by By May he was completely out of IBM.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the American multinational technology company. For other uses, see IBM disambiguation. For other uses, see Big Blue disambiguation. Cloud computing Cognitive computing. List of IBM products. IBM portal Information technology portal Companies portal. Retrieved July 22, United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Patent List for 25th Consecutive Year". Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 30 December The Life of Thomas J.
Little, Brown and Co. Retrieved 30 January The Romance of the Cash Register. Singleseite für frauen kostenlos 2 March Retrieved 8 June From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog: A History of the Software Industry. Retrieved 17 May Fundamentals of Corporate Finance 9th, alternate ed. Archived from the original PDF on 23 February Retrieved 6 July Retrieved May 28, Retrieved 18 July Retrieved 13 August Retrieved 7 March Retrieved 28 October The New York Times.
Ustream Online Video Blog.